Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

There’s no totally free trial, and also you merely obtain a relatively stingy 7-day money-back guarantee (CyberGhost and also Hotspot Defense give you forty five days, very most other VPNs offer 1 month.) Remittance strategies are actually limited to memory card and PayPal merely. The provider utilized to give Bitcoin and also other possibilities, however certainly not any type of much more. Although our team have some tiny issues here, IPVanish presents its own plans accurately as well as truthfully.

You do not shed the right to a refund if you’ve visited greater than x times, as an example, or even utilized greater than y GIGABYTE of data. If you are actually dissatisfied, inquire for a reimbursement within the first seven times as well as you’ll obtain your refund, no questions talked to. IPVanish safeguards your personal privacy with file encryption and safe methods (Image credit score: IPVanish) IPVanish defends your personal privacy along with its use rock-solid, industry-standard AES-256 encryption, and its support for the highly safe and secure protocols, OpenVPN and IKEv2.The IPVanish apps go even further through providing you an unusual level of management over their OpenVPN setup.

Each of the DNS leakage exams our experts carried out presented that IPVanish really did not leakage some of our relevant information (Picture credit scores: ProxyRack) The Microsoft window customer offers a kill change, DNS as well as even IPv6 leak protection to lessen the opportunity that your real identity will definitely be left open online, as an example if the VPN relationship declines.

You can easily then typically leave the VPN to turn itself on and also off as called for, protecting your personal privacy in any way times. To verify the company definitely carries out keep your identity, our team examined for leaks at sites including IPleak, DNS water leak exam and also Perform I leakage. None of the examinations revealed any type of concerns, along with the applications securing our actual IP deal with whatsoever opportunities.

Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

We do not tape some of your activity while hooked up to our applications in order to preserve your public right to privacy. Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000.” We as if to examine the big claims on the face of an internet site with the fine print at the back, but in this particular situation, the IPVanish Personal privacy Plan says similar trait.” IPVanish is actually a zero-logs VPN company, which suggests that our experts do not maintain a document of any type of link, website traffic, or activity records in relation to our Solutions” There were some worries increased in June 2018, when a file surfaced showing that the zero-logging IPVanish invited 2016 reacted to a summons from the United States Team of Birthplace Safety through handing over information on a customer’s activities, including hookup and also interference times and probably the usage of details process.

Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

Whatever the tale listed below, it’s even more verification that VPN logging insurance claims can’t constantly be actually trusted. The heading “absolutely no logging” boasts on the site won’t necessarily be mirrored in provider technique. Performs that essentially indicate you should steer clear of IPVanish, though? Our team would certainly state certainly not. The logs were actually entrusted under the previous management.

This doesn’t whatsoever promise your security, but our team still believe StackPath’s public assurances possess additional body weight than the internet site advertising efforts of most different VPNs, where sometimes you can’t even inform who owns the company. Consumers shouldn’t must rely on any individual’s zero-logging promises, of training course.

Hopefully IPVanish – et cetera of the sector – will certainly do the very same. SpeedTest through Ookla is one of the services our company utilized to evaluate IPVanish’s performance (Graphic credit rating: Ookla) Determining the efficiency of a VPN takes some time and work, so we utilized various exams and also methods to see what IPVanish could do.

Our team managed to gain access to all web servers, as well as our hookup opportunities were a competent 6-8 few seconds. Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000. (Some VPNs may be a little faster, yet other take up to two times as long.) Ping times were within the counted on variation, as well as our geolocation examinations advised that all our exam servers were in the anticipated places.

Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

These hit a great 64-65Mbps on our 75Mbps examination line, merely around 5% adverse our typical non-VPN link rates. Changing to US and also International velocities saw little bit of adjustment, with a lot of locations supplying a very reasonable 50-65Mbps. Unsurprisingly, the long-distance web servers showed the best variant, coming from Australia’s perfectly enough 30Mbps, down to 1 or 2 locations which are actually virtually worthless (India strained to hit 5Mbps.) Still, also listed below, most web servers carried out quite possibly, and also general IPVanish is much faster than the bulk of the competition.

Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

Explore the website and also you’ll eventually discover its own Provider webpage, but that is actually confined to pretty unprotected web sites including Sling TELEVISION, Spotify and also YouTube. Does this way IPVanish doesn’t possess a lot to flaunt regarding? Our iPlayer exams seemed to be to affirm that, as none of the UK servers received our team access, a repeat of what we found throughout our last evaluation.

That’s certainly not such a large bargain – every person else does, as well – but our company as if to check out, anyhow, just to verify there are actually not a problem. The surprise was that even with the lack of marketing, all IPVanish exam hosting servers gave us access to United States Netflix, a far better functionality than you’ll observe with lots of competitions – Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000.

There are actually no web browser expansions, however the support pages possess create guides for Chrome and also Firefox, in addition to tutorials covering routers, Chromebooks, Linux and extra. The app download links are simple to find on the website, as well as, conveniently, you don’t need to log in to your IPVanish account to access all of them.

If you are actually certainly not considering the main customers, IPVanish possesses hands-on create tutorials for Microsoft window, Macintosh, Android, iOS, Linux and also others. These aren’t as numerous or even comprehensive as our company have actually seen at ExpressVPN, however there’s still a lot of info here. The site has twelve tutorials just covering Microsoft window, as an example, along with different quick guides dealing with OpenVPN, PPTP, L2TP and IKeV2 create on Microsoft window 7, 8 and 10. If you are actually making use of OpenVPN or everything else OpenVPN-based, you’ll additionally cherish IPVanish’ wise identifying of its.OVPN setup files.

Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

If you’ve used a VPN previously, IPVanish’s Windows customer will look rather familiar (Picture credit score: IPVanish) If you’ve used several VPN customers, you’ll recognize they’re usually quite identical. There is actually a checklist of locations, an Attach/ Disconnect switch, a web page of setups, and usually nothing else at all. Once more, IPVanish does points in different ways.

Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

The position Quick Link board is actually muddled, for example, yet there are actually welcome touches, too. Faucet Link and a standing panel shows the procedure, time connected, server name, as well as information uploaded and installed, a degree of information you’ll hardly view elsewhere – Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000. The customer also features a beautiful real-time chart of your upload and also download rates.

This appears additional like other clients, but once more, IPVanish has included extra features. A hunt carton makes it possible for filtering the list by search phrase. You may arrange the checklist through country, lots or even feedback time. You have the ability to include servers to a Favorites checklist with a click, and these may be properly displayed on top of the nation listing, as opposed to concealing them away on a different tag.

Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

Skillet the chart over to the United States, for case, and also as opposed to being confronted along with a mass of overlapping site pens, the map presents merely 4. If you recognize you are actually after an east coastline location, zoom in there as well as more locations show up, with numbers working with exactly how lots of servers they give, so for occasion our team could view there were 55 hosting servers in New york city, 67 in Washington as well as 57 in Los Angeles.

You may easily transform VPN methods coming from within the setups of IPVanish’s Windows client (Graphic credit history: IPVanish) Also the Setups discussion supplies much more capability than our experts counted on – Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000. You can easily switch over procedures between IKEv2, SSTP, PPTP and L2TP, in addition to OpenVPN TCP and also UDP. You’re able to select an OpenVPN port (1194 or 443).

Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

You may specify which hosting server IPVanish uses when the customer starts, repair the IPVanish OpenVPN motorist if it is actually influenced by yet another VPN, as well as view the OpenVPN logs within the user interface to address problems. The client’s kill change isn’t enabled by default, so our experts turned it on and ran a handful of examinations.

Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

IPVanish’s Android application carefully resembles its personal computer counterparts (Picture credit history: IPVanish) The IPVanish Android application opens up with an easy Quick Hook up monitor which presents your current IP as well as location, notes a target nation, urban area as well as hosting server, and also gives a Hook up switch to immediately get you online. The application chooses your closest web server by nonpayment, yet you’re additionally capable to set your destination country, the area within that country, or pick a particular server along with a number of touches.

Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

Our company are actually unsure whether there’s any person who in fact needs this, and presumably it is going to reduce your electric battery life if you leave it available for an extended period of your time, however there is actually no question it looks better than the typical plain nation listing. The application provides some really beneficial condition relevant information alongside the expensive visuals: your new IP address, server name, site, time linked, and also thus on.

The location picker is fairly simple. You have the ability to pick servers through nation or area, however there are no ping opportunities or even web server tons numbers to aid you choose, and there is actually no Preferences body or even Latest Servers list to hasten reconnections. Instead, you are actually forced to personally scroll to particular web servers when you need them, a possible inconvenience on cell phones along with tvs.

You can easily pick to create OpenVPN UDP or TCP relationships, improving for speed or stability. There’s a bigger selection of ports than you’ll see along with the Windows client (443, 1194 and 8443.) A Race attribute makes it harder for networks to detect and also obstruct VPN relationships. A kill change blocks net access if the hookup drops.

ExpressVPN possesses one thing comparable, but typically that’s an alternative you’ll seldom find somewhere else. There are actually slight weak points in some places. While lots of apps can immediately shield you whenever you hook up to an unsteady system, for example, IPVanish displays an optionally available warning and leaves you to decide what to perform. That is actually sufficient to help you keep safe, however, and also on the whole the application functions well.

Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

There is actually a crystal clear screen of your IP handle, place and VPN condition, and you may select your intended nation, metropolitan area and also server before linking to the VPN along with a water faucet. (Similar To the Android app, the nonpayment country is actually regularly the United States, no matter where you might be worldwide.) The moment you are actually online, there is actually identical eye-candy in the design of a scrolling real-time internet website traffic chart.

If you like, you may additionally select places from a simpler text listing. As along with the Android application, this may be sorted by nation or even city, however these areas are presented in distinct cavalcades which creates the list a lot easier to scan. Web server lots and also ping opportunities are actually featured, also, helping you to find out which is actually the greatest location for you.

Utilize the celebrity to the right of one or even additional web servers and also it’ll appear whenever you select the Favorites button, allowing you to avoid all the other filtering as well as sorting headaches completely. Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000. The Settings pane looks sparse, a minimum of initially. There is actually no integrated kill button to secure your identification, and also you simply receive pair of substantial VPN tweaks: an auto-connect possibility, and the capability to switch over method between the nonpayment IKEv2 and IPSEC.Check out that auto-connect component, though, and also you’ll locate a stack of choices and also managements (generally, all the goodies our company wish to have actually seen in the Android app.) As well as a simple “attach instantly” setting, you may possess IPVanish instantly turn on its own off when you’re connected to counted on cellular systems.

You may even construct a list of domains which you will as if IPVanish to immediately protect, so as an example you might possess the VPN begin whenever you went to Netflix’s website. The IPVanish iOS application isn’t ideal, after that, yet unlike numerous competitions, it is actually not merely an essential slot of the desktop or Android applications, either.

IPVanish’s assistance site offers you along with a large amount of information regarding your hookup (Image credit rating: IPVanish) If the VPN isn’t operating as it should, the IPVanish Aid Center objectives to direct you in the correct path. A Device Status hyperlink warns you of any significant company-wide problems, support write-ups are wisely organized in to essential types (System, Damage Control, Payment, even more) as well as you can easily look the web knowledgebase for particular search phrases.

Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

There’s no totally free test, and you merely get a reasonably stingy 7-day money-back assurance (CyberGhost and also Hotspot Cover give you 45 days, very most other VPNs deliver one month.) Payment methods are restricted to memory card and PayPal just. The firm used to offer Bitcoin and other possibilities, yet none much more. Although our team have some small concerns here, IPVanish presents its own plannings clearly as well as frankly.

You do not lose the right to a refund if you’ve gone to much more than x opportunities, as an example, or utilized additional than y GIGABYTE of information. If you are actually miserable, request for a refund within the initial seven days and also you’ll obtain your money back, no doubt inquired. IPVanish safeguards your personal privacy with security and secure process (Graphic debt: IPVanish) IPVanish shields your personal privacy along with its usage of well-founded, industry-standard AES-256 security, and also its own support for the strongly safe protocols, OpenVPN and also IKEv2.The IPVanish apps go additionally through providing you an uncommon amount of management over their OpenVPN setup.

All of the DNS water leak tests we performed revealed that IPVanish really did not crack any one of our details (Photo credit report: ProxyRack) The Microsoft window customer uses a kill switch, DNS as well as also IPv6 water leak protection to lower the opportunity that your real identification will certainly be actually left open online, for instance if the VPN relationship reduces.

You can after that primarily leave the VPN to turn itself on and also off as needed, preserving your privacy in any way opportunities. To affirm the company really performs preserve your identification, our company looked for leaks at sites including IPleak, DNS leak exam and Perform I crack. None of the exams disclosed any concerns, along with the apps protecting our genuine IP address at all opportunities.

Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

Our experts do not capture any one of your activity while connected to our applications if you want to preserve your civil right to privacy. Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000.” Our company as if to inspect the large claims on the face of an internet site along with the little printing at the back, but in this situation, the IPVanish Privacy Plan points out similar point.” IPVanish is actually a zero-logs VPN company, which implies that our company perform not keep a record of any kind of relationship, web traffic, or activity data in relation to our Providers” There were actually some issues raised in June 2018, when a paper arised revealing that the zero-logging IPVanish possessed in 2016 reacted to a summons coming from the US Team of Home Protection by handing over information on an individual’s tasks, consisting of relationship and also disconnection times as well as probably using certain methods.

Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

Whatever the account listed here, it’s additional verification that VPN logging insurance claims can not always be depended on. The headline “absolutely no logging” boasts on the website won’t always be demonstrated in firm strategy. Carries out that always indicate you should prevent IPVanish, though? Our experts will point out not. The logs were actually handed over under the previous monitoring.

This does not by any means ensure your protection, but our company still believe StackPath’s public assurances possess even more weight than the internet site advertising efforts of most different VPNs, where in many cases you can not also tell that owns the provider. Consumers shouldn’t must count on anyone’s zero-logging commitments, of program.

Ideally IPVanish – et cetera of the business – will certainly do the same. SpeedTest through Ookla is just one of the services our company made use of to check IPVanish’s performance (Photo credit history: Ookla) Analyzing the performance of a VPN takes opportunity and also work, so we used multiple tests as well as procedures to see what IPVanish could carry out.

Our company had the capacity to get access to all web servers, and our hookup times were actually a qualified 6-8 seconds. Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000. (Some VPNs might be a little bit of faster, yet various other get up to twice as long.) Ping times were within the expected variation, and also our geolocation inspections suggested that all our test hosting servers remained in the expected areas.

Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

These reached a great 64-65Mbps on our 75Mbps examination line, merely around 5% adverse our common non-VPN link velocities. Switching to United States and also European speeds found little change, with a lot of places providing an incredibly acceptable 50-65Mbps. Unsurprisingly, the long-distance web servers showed the ultimate variation, coming from Australia’s flawlessly appropriate 30Mbps, down to 1 or 2 places which are actually just about worthless (India strained to hit 5Mbps.) Still, also here, most hosting servers conducted quite possibly, as well as overall IPVanish is actually a lot faster than the majority of the competition.

Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

Scan the internet site and also you’ll ultimately locate its own Services webpage, however that’s limited to reasonably vulnerable sites such as Sling TV, Spotify and also YouTube. Performs this method IPVanish doesn’t possess a lot to include concerning? Our iPlayer tests appeared to verify that, as none of the UK servers got our company gain access to, a replay of what our team found in the course of our final review.

That’s certainly not such a major deal – everyone else does, also – but our team like to check, anyway, simply to affirm there are actually no worry. The surprise was that in spite of the lack of advertising, all IPVanish examination servers provided us access to United States Netflix, a much better performance than you’ll find along with a lot of rivals – Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000.

There are no web browser expansions, yet the assistance webpages possess create guides for Chrome and Firefox, in addition to tutorials covering routers, Chromebooks, Linux as well as more. The app download web links are actually easy to find on the site, and, effortlessly, you do not must log in to your IPVanish profile to access all of them.

If you are actually certainly not intrigued in the main customers, IPVanish possesses manual create tutorials for Windows, Mac, Android, iOS, Linux as well as others. These may not be as countless or detailed as our team have actually seen at ExpressVPN, but there is actually still plenty of information listed here. The site possesses twelve tutorials only covering Microsoft window, for example, with different resources dealing with OpenVPN, PPTP, L2TP and IKeV2 create on Windows 7, 8 and also 10. If you’re making use of OpenVPN or even anything else OpenVPN-based, you’ll likewise appreciate IPVanish’ sensible naming of its.OVPN configuration documents.

Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

If you’ve used a VPN in the past, IPVanish’s Windows client are going to appear very familiar (Photo credit score: IPVanish) If you’ve used numerous VPN customers, you’ll understand they are actually mostly extremely identical. There is actually a list of areas, a Connect/ Disconnect button, a webpage of settings, as well as normally nothing at all else in any way. When once more, IPVanish carries out things in a different way.

Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

The position Quick Attach panel is actually muddled, as an example, however there rate touches, as well. Touch Connect and also a condition door features the procedure, time linked, web server name, and also information uploaded as well as downloaded, a degree of detail you’ll rarely find in other places – Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000. The customer also features a beautiful real-time graph of your upload as well as download rates.

This looks more like various other customers, yet once again, IPVanish has incorporated additional functions. A hunt box makes it possible for filtering system the checklist by keyword phrase. You can sort the checklist by country, load or reaction time. You’re capable to incorporate web servers to a Preferences checklist with a click, as well as these could be prudently presented at the best of the nation listing, as opposed to hiding them away on a different tab.

Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

Frying pan the map over to the US, for occasion, as well as as opposed to being actually faced with a mass of overlapping location markers, the map shows simply 4. If you know you seek an eastern shore place, aim there and additional sites seem, along with amounts standing for the number of servers they supply, so for example our team could see there were 55 hosting servers in New york city, 67 in Washington and also 57 in Los Angeles.

You may simply alter VPN protocols coming from within the setups of IPVanish’s Microsoft window client (Image debt: IPVanish) Also the Settings discussion supplies even more functionality than our team expected – Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000. You can shift procedures in between IKEv2, SSTP, PPTP as well as L2TP, as properly as OpenVPN TCP and UDP. You are actually able to choose an OpenVPN slot (1194 or even 443).

Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

You can easily determine which server IPVanish utilizes when the customer starts, mend the IPVanish OpenVPN motorist if it is actually had an effect on by another VPN, and also check out the OpenVPN logs within the user interface to address problems. The customer’s kill switch isn’t allowed by default, so our team transformed it on as well as worked a couple of exams.

Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

IPVanish’s Android application closely resembles its desktop computer counterparts (Image credit scores: IPVanish) The IPVanish Android app opens up along with a basic Quick Link display which shows your present IP and place, details an intended country, urban area as well as server, and supplies a Link button to speedily receive you online. The app chooses your closest web server through nonpayment, but you are actually also capable to establish your location nation, the city within that nation, or even choose a details web server along with a number of water faucets.

Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

Our team’re doubtful whether there’s anybody that actually requires this, and also presumably it is going to minimize your electric battery life if you leave it open for a lengthy time frame of your time, however there’s certainly it looks far better than the standard ordinary nation list. The app presents some absolutely beneficial standing information together with the elegant visuals: your brand new IP deal with, web server name, area, time connected, etc.

The place picker is reasonably general. You’re able to pick hosting servers by country or even area, however there are actually no ping opportunities or server load bodies to aid you select, as well as there’s no Preferences body or even Current Servers listing to accelerate reconnections. Rather, you are actually forced to manually scroll to details hosting servers when you need them, a prospective headache on cell phones with tvs.

You may decide on to make OpenVPN UDP or TCP links, improving for rate or integrity. There’s a broader choice of ports than you’ll find with the Windows client (443, 1194 and also 8443.) A Shuffle attribute creates it harder for systems to recognize and obstruct VPN links. A kill button blocks web accessibility if the link drops.

ExpressVPN possesses one thing comparable, yet otherwise that’s an option you’ll rarely locate in other places. There are minor weak spots in some locations. While a lot of applications may immediately guard you whenever you attach to an unsteady system, for occasion, IPVanish features an optional caution as well as leaves you to choose what to carry out. That is actually adequate to aid you keep risk-free, though, as well as in general the app functions quite possibly.

Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000

There is actually a very clear display screen of your IP deal with, place as well as VPN standing, as well as you can easily choose your aim at nation, urban area as well as server prior to connecting to the VPN with a tap. (Similar To the Android app, the default nation is actually constantly the US, everywhere you may be on the planet.) When you are actually on the internet, there is actually similar eye-candy in the shape of a scrolling real-time internet visitor traffic graph.

If you prefer, you may additionally pick locations from an easier text message list. As with the Android application, this could be sorted through nation or even city, however these industries are displayed in distinct cavalcades that makes the list a lot easier to scan. Web server load and ping opportunities are actually featured, as well, aiding you to think out which is the finest site for you.

Use the star to the right of several web servers and it’ll show up whenever you opt for the Favorites tab, permitting you to steer clear of all the other filtering system as well as sorting headaches entirely. Put Ip Vanish On Linksys Max-Stream Ac4000. The Settings glass appears thin, a minimum of at first. There’s no incorporated kill change to defend your identification, as well as you just obtain two considerable VPN tweaks: an auto-connect choice, and the capability to change process in between the nonpayment IKEv2 and also IPSEC.Check out that auto-connect component, however, as well as you’ll discover a stack of alternatives and also controls (practically, all the goodies we want to have actually seen in the Android app.) As properly as a standard “connect immediately” setup, you can have IPVanish instantly transform itself off when you are actually attached to depended on cell networks.

You can also create a checklist of domains which you would certainly such as IPVanish to automatically defend, therefore as an example you could possibly have the VPN start whenever you saw Netflix’s internet site. The IPVanish iOS application isn’t excellent, then, but unlike many competitions, it is actually not only an essential port of the desktop or even Android apps, either.

IPVanish’s assistance internet site provides you along with a large amount of information about your connection (Graphic credit score: IPVanish) If the VPN isn’t working as it should, the IPVanish Help Center goals to aim you in the correct instructions. An Unit Condition web link notifies you of any sort of huge company-wide problems, help articles are actually smartly organized right into crucial types (System, Troubleshooting, Payment, additional) and also you can easily look the internet knowledgebase for particular key words.